Unlicensed Activity

SEC v. Back to Green LLC et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging the defendants "defrauded investors through an illegal unregistered securities offering to share in the profits of a "green" gold and platinum mining venture operating in Ayapel, Colombia" in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Back to Green LLC, of Puerto Rico; José Jiménez Cruz, of Puerto Rico, and Manuel Portalatin Rivera, of Colombia, at the U. S. District Court for the District of Puerto Rico.

SEC v. Rivetz International SEZC et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging the sale of unregistered digital assets in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Rivetz Corp., of Delaware; Rivetz International SEZC, of the Cayman Islands, and Steven K. Sprague, described as a resident of the Cayman Islands and Massachusetts, at the U. S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts.
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SEC sues BitConnect for ‘$2B crypto fraud’

The U.S. SEC has sued individuals and companies based in California, India, and Hong Kong for allegedly perpetrating a $2 billion crypto fraud known as BitConnect.

SEC v. BitConnect et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging a securities fraud "that ultimately succeeded in obtaining more than 325,000 Bitcoin, or approximately $2 billion, from investors worldwide" in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. BitConnect, described as "an unincorporated organization"; Satish Kumbhani, described as a citizen and resident of India; Glenn Arcaro, described as a citizen of the United States residing in California, and Future Money Ltd., of Hong Kong, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Benjamin Berger: ‘Criminal Complaint’ Announcement

Public Notice by the Thailand Securities and Exchange Commission that it has brought a criminal complaint against Benjamin Berger, who appears to be based in California, for allegedly "selling the shares named Tian Tian Ventures" without the securities being registered.

George Bachiashvili v. Charlie Shrem et al: Amended Complaint

Amended Complaint alleging fraud and unregistered securities regarding the sale of cryptocurrency tokens involving Delaware and Cayman Islands-domiciled Crowd Machine in George Bachiashvili v. Charlie Shrem and Roger Tichenor at the U. S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida.

Aux Cayes Fintech Co. Ltd.: Statement of Allegations

Statement of Allegations in the matter of Aux Cayes Fintech Co. Ltd., described as a Seychelles-domiciled operator of "an online crypto asset trading platform", for "violating Ontario securities law", before the Ontario Securities Commission.

Brian Kang et al v. Hybrid Trade Ltd. et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging theft, misappropriation, and securities fraud regarding the raising of $50 million "from investors based around the world, including within the United States" from the sale of "digital tokens" that were "neither registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission nor qualified for any exemption from registration with the SEC, thereby depriving investors of the benefit of the disclosures required by the federal securities laws" in Brian Kang, Skyblock LLC, Mid-Wilshire Consulting LLC, Prasad Hurra, David Kim, Blue Rock Group, Artemio Verduzo, David Kwon, and Young Jae Kwon v. Hybrid Trade Limited, described as operating from addresses in Hong Kong, Malta, and Singapore; Asia Digital Asset Exchange, described as operating from an address in Cyprus; Allysian Sciences, Apolo Ohno, a former Olympic speed skating champion; Rod Jao, Eugenio Pugliese, and Henry Liu at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

BitMEX agrees to pay $100M to settle US regulatory action

Companies in Bermuda, Hong Kong, the Seychelles, and USA have agreed to pay $100 million to settle a complaint by the CFTC alleging they operated an unregistered cryptocurrency trading platform known as BitMEX.

CFTC v. BitMEX et al: $100M Settlement

Consent Order imposing a civil penalty of $100 million against the operators of the BitMEX cryptocurrency trading platform in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. HDR Global Trading Limited, of the Seychelles; 100x Holdings Limited, of Bermuda; ABS Global Trading Limited, of Delaware; Shine Effort Inc Limited, of Hong Kong, and HDR Global Services (Bermuda) Limited, of Bermuda, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Poloniex LLC: $10.3M Penalties

Administrative Order by the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission imposing penalties totaling $10.3 million on Poloniex, LLC, of Delaware, for operating "a digital asset trading platform" without registering "as a national securities exchange".

Daniel Valenti v. Dfinity Foundation et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint alleging a cryptocurrency-related fraud and sale of unregistered securities in Daniel Valenti, of Tampa, Florida v. Dfinity USA Research LLC, described as a Delaware company based in Palo Alto, California; Dfinity Foundation, of Switzerland, and Dominic Williams, of Palo Alto, California, at the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

DeFi Money Market et al: $13M Penalties

Administrative Order by the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission imposing penalties on Blockchain Credit Partners, d.b.a. DeFi Money Market, of the Cayman Islands; Gregory Keough, and Derek Acree, both of Florida, for an alleged fraud that involved selling "more than $30 million of securities in unregistered offerings by using smart contracts and "decentralized finance" technology to sell digital tokens".

SEC v. Uulala Inc. et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging "the fraudulent and unregistered offer and sale of digital asset securities known as UULA tokens" that raised "more than $9 million from over a thousand investors" in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Uulala Inc., Oscar Garcia, and Matthew Loughran at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

SEC v. Uulala Inc.: Proposed Settlement

Consent to Judgment of Uulala Inc. in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Uulala Inc., Oscar Garcia, and Matthew Loughran at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

SEC v. Matthew Loughran: Proposed Settlement

Consent to Judgment of Matthew Loughran in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Uulala Inc., Oscar Garcia, and Matthew Loughran at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

SEC v. Oscar Garcia: Proposed Settlement

Consent to Judgment of Oscar Garcia in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Uulala Inc., Oscar Garcia, and Matthew Loughran at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

SEC sues Uulala for ‘$9 million crypto fraud’

A group called Uulala, which was the first applicant to be approved to conduct an Initial Coin Offering in crypto-friendly Bermuda, has been accused of perpetrating a $9 million digital tokens fraud in a complaint filed at federal court in California by the SEC - two-and-a-half years after the scheme was exposed by OffshoreAlert.

Daniel Ocampo v. Dfinity Stiftung et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint "on behalf of all investors who purchased Internet Computer Project tokens" alleging that the defendants "sold unregistered securities to investors in violation of the Securities Act" in Daniel Ocampo v. Dfinity USA Research LLC, of Delaware; Dfinity Stiftung, of Switzerland; Andreessen Horowitz, described as Menlo Park, California-based "private venture capital firm"; Polychain Capital, described as a San Francisco-based "cryptocurrency investment firm managing portfolios of digital assets", and Dominic Williams at the Superior Court of the State of California, San Mateo County.

Binance: Criminal Complaint

News Release by Thailand's Securities and Exchange Commission that it has filed a criminal complaint against Binance, described as "a digital asset exchange platform provider", for allegedly operating without a license.

Binance et al: CIMA Investigation

Public Statement by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority that "Binance, the Binance Group and Binance Holdings Limited are not registered, licensed, regulated or otherwise authorised by the Authority to operate a crypto-currency exchange from or within the Cayman Islands" and that it is "currently investigating" whether "this group of companies has any activities operating in or from within the Cayman Islands which may fall within the scope of the Authority's regulatory oversight.

CFTC v. PayForex: Final Judgment

Final Judgment in Commodity Futures Commission v. Laino Group Limited, d.b.a. PayForex, of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas.

Jason Bonayer et al v. Crowd Machine SEZC et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging fraud involving cryptocurrency in Jason Bonayer, a U. S. citizen residing in New York, NY, and George Bachiashvili, a citizen of Georgia residing in Tbilisi v. Crowd Machine Inc., of Delaware; Crowd Machine SEZC, of the Cayman Islands; Metavine Inc., of Delaware; Craig Sproule, described as a citizen of Australia residing in San Jose, California; James Hanley, Anne Osborne, Ben Gorlick, Kurt Pfluger, Camden Dore, Roger Tichenor, Charlie Shrem, Bittrex, described as "a cryptocurrency exchange based in the Seychelles", and HitBTC, also described as "a cryptocurrency exchange based in the Seychelles", at the U. S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida.

Bybit Fintech Ltd.: Statement of Allegations

Statement of Allegations alleging unregistered securities activity involving cryptocurrencies in the Enforcement Branch of the Ontario Securities Commission v. Bybit Fintech Limited, described as a British Virgin Islands-domiciled "online crypto asset trading platform", and which appears to be based in Singapore, before the Ontario Securities Commission.

USA v. Roman Sterlingov: Criminal Indictment

Criminal Indictment alleging money laundering and operating an unlicensed money transmitting business known as "Bitcoin Fog" in USA v. Roman Sterlingov, a citizen of Russia residing in Sweden, at that U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

Chase Williams et al v. Block.one et al: Motion to Approve $27.5M Settlement

Motion to Approve $27.5 Million Class Action Settlement regarding the alleged sale of cryptocurrency tokens that were not registered with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission in Chase Williams, William Zhang, Crypto Assets Opportunity Fund LLC, and Johnny Hong v. Block.one, of the Cayman Islands; Brendan Blumer, Daniel Larimer, Ian Grigg, and Brock Pierce at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Editor's Note: Research by OffshoreAlert in the Cayman Islands General Registry showed that the directors of Block.one are Andrew Christopher Bliss, Brendan Francis Blumer, and Kokuei Yuan.

Mek Global Ltd. et al: Allegations

Statement of Allegations in the matter of Mek Global Limited, of the Seychelles, and PhoenixFin Pte. Ltd., of Singapore, collectively doing business as KuCoin, described as "an online crypto asset trading platform", before the Ontario Securities Commission.

SEC v. Trevon Brown et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging unregistered activity involving cryptocurrency firm BitConnect in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Trevon Brown, Craig Grant, Joshua Jeppesen, Ryan Maasen, and Michael Noble, as Defendants, and Laura Mascola, as Relief Defendant, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Polo Digital Assets Ltd.: Statement of Allegations

Statement of Allegations "for disregarding Ontario securities law and to signal that crypto asset trading platforms flouting Ontario securities law will face regulatory action" in Ontario Securities Commission v. Polo Digital Assets Ltd., a.k.a. Poloniex, described as a Seychelles-domiciled "online crypto asset trading platform", before the Ontario Securities Commission.

Gil Beserglik et al: Industry Bans

Administrative Order by the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission imposing industry bans on Gil Beserglik, 64, a citizen of Israel; Raz Beserglik, 35, a citizen of Israel, and Kai Christian Petersen, 53, a citizen of Germany, regarding their involvement in binary options brokers.

SEC v. Carlos Irizarry Santiago: Application to Comply with Subpoena

SEC's Application for an order to show cause and an order requiring compliance with a subpoena "in connection with its formal investigation into potential violations of the federal securities laws by Back to Green Mining, LLC, a Puerto Rico company purporting to be investing in mining operations in Colombia, and its principals, representatives, and affiliates" in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Carlos R. Irizarry Santiago, CPA, of Puerto Rico, at the U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

Brazil: Carlos Antonio Lemos da Fonseca et al

Application for the appointment of a Commissioner to collect evidence from Ocean Bank - pursuant to a request for judicial assistance from Brazil - for a criminal investigation into "Carlos Antonio Lemos da Fonseca, Brasita Cigarros Industria e Comercio Ltda., and other individuals for six offenses, specifically, tax fraud, false statement, falsification of public seal or sign, criminal organization, unauthorized exchange operation, and money laundering".

Wireline Development Fund Ltd.: ‘Court Supervision’ Petition

Petition for Court Supervision of a Voluntary Liquidation by Graham F. Robinson, as Voluntary Liquidator of Wireline Development Fund Ltd. (in Voluntary Liquidation), which "entered voluntary liquidation after an Administrative Order by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission imposed a fine of US$650,000" on its parent, digital assets firm Wireline Inc., "for an unregistered securities offering and alleged fraud involving the Company", at the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands.

Blackmore Global PCC: Unlicensed Activity

Public Announcement "in the public interest" by the Isle of Man Financial Services Authority that Blackmore Global PCC Limited "has been operating as an open-ended investment company" without being licensed. Editor's Note: Research by OffshoreAlert in the Isle of Man Companies Registry showed that Blackmore Global PCC Limited was incorporated in the Isle of Man on September 27th, 2013 and, in its most recent annual return, for 2019, its directors were identified as Phillip Andrew Nunn, of Altrincham, Cheshire, England, and Patrick Michael McCreesh, of Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England. A former director is Brian Peter Weal, of Cadiz, Spain, who resigned effective May 29th, 2015 - seven days after he was exposed as a fraudster by OffshoreAlert.

Fei Jing et al v. Yan Sun: Complaint

Complaint alleging "an illegal, unregistered and unlicensed Bitcoin trading operation" in Fei Jing, of Canada; Luosu Li, of China; Jinyu He, of California; Duanyang Wang, of China; Tian Lan, of Washington, and Chuyao Feng, of Georgia, USA v. Yan Sun, of New York, at the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York.

USA v. Roman Sterlingov: Criminal Complaint

Criminal Complaint alleging money laundering and unlicensed money transmission involving a "darknet money laundering service" called "Bitcoin Fog" in USA v. Roman Sterlingov, described as a citizen of Russia and Sweden, at the U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

Locke Capital Investments (BVI) Ltd. et al: Orders

Public Notice by the Securities Commission Malaysia that "the Kuala Lumpur High Court declared in favour of the SC" against RBTR Asset Management Berhad, of Malaysia; Locke Guaranty Trust Limited, of New Zealand; Locke Capital Investments (BVI) Ltd., of the British Virgin Islands; Isaac Paul Ratnam, Nicholas Chan Weng Sung and Joseph Lee Chee Hock.

SEC v. LBRY Inc.: Complaint

Complaint alleging the sale of unregistered securities "in the form of a digital asset called LBRY Credits" in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. LBRY Inc., domiciled in Delaware, based in New Hampshire, at the U. S. District Court for the District of New Hampshire.

USA v. ‘Doctor Bitcoin’: Criminal Information

Criminal Information for allegedly operating an unlicensed money transmitting business in USA v. Mark Hopkins, a.k.a. Doctor Bitcoin, at the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas.

SEC v. MintBroker International Ltd. et al: Complaint

Complaint in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. MintBroker International Ltd., formerly known as Swiss America Securities Ltd. and d.b.a. SureTrader, of the Bahamas, and Guy Gentile, a.k.a.Guy Gentile Nigro, described as a resident of Puerto Rico, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. David Ortiz: Complaint

Complaint alleging the defendant "served as an unregistered broker" for 1 Global Capital LLC, described as "a South Florida merchant cash advance company" that was operated fraudulently, in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. David P. Ortiz at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. Christopher Dantin et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging the defendants "served as unregistered brokers" for 1 Global Capital LLC, described as "a South Florida merchant cash advance company" that was operated fraudulently, in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Christopher D. Dantin and his father, Chris A. Dantin, both of Louisiana, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. Andrew White: Complaint

Complaint alleging the defendant "served as an unregistered broker" for 1 Global Capital, LLC, described as "a South Florida merchant cash advance company" that "fraudulently raised at least $320 million from the sale of unregistered securities to more than 3,600 investors nationwide", in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Andrew L. White, of Loveland, Colorado, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. Andrew White: Judgment Motion

SEC's Unopposed Motion for Judgment in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Andrew L. White, of Loveland, Colorado, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.