Unlicensed Activity

Sunil Kavuri v. Sam Bankman-Fried et al: Class Action Complaint (‘FTX Crypto Fraud’)

Class Action Complaint in Sunil Kavuri v. Sam Bankman-Fried, Tom Brady, Gisele Bundchen, Stephen Curry, Golden State Warriors, Shaquille O’Neal, Udonis Haslem, David Ortiz, William Trevor Lawrence, Shohei Ohtani, Naomi Osaka, Lawrence Gene David, and Kevin O’Leary at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

Edwin Garrison v. Sam Bankman-Fried, Tom Brady, Gisele Bundchen et al: Class Action Complaint (‘$11 Billion FTX Crypto Fraud’)

Class Action Complaint claiming "$11 billion dollars in damages" as a result of a "fraudulent scheme" involving crypto exchange FTX in Edwin Garrison v. Sam Bankman-Fried, Thomas Brady, Gisele Bundchen, Udonis Haslem, Kevin O'Leary, David Ortiz, Stephen Curry, Golden State Warriors LLC, Shaquille O'Neal, William Trevor Lawrence, Shohei Ohtani, Naomi Osaka, and Lawrence Gene David, a.k.a. Larry David, at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

CFTC v. Adam Todd et al: Complaint (‘Crypto Fraud’)

Complaint alleging fraud involving "an illegal digital asset derivatives trading platform" in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Adam Todd, Digitex LLC, of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Digitex Limited, of the Seychelles; Digitex Software Limited, of Ireland, and Blockster Holdings Limited, of Gibraltar, at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. Arbitrade Ltd. et al: Complaint (‘$37M Crypto Fraud’)

Complaint alleging "a crypto asset pump-and-dump scheme" in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Arbitrade Ltd., of Bermuda; Cryptobontix Inc., of Canada; Troy R.J. Hogg, of Canada; James L. Goldberg, Stephen L. Braverman, and Max W. Barber, as Defendants, and SION Trading FZE, of the United Arab Emirates, as Relief Defendant, at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. The Hydrogen Technology Corporation et al: Complaint (‘$2.2M Crypto Fraud’)

Complaint alleging a scheme "to fraudulently manipulate the price and volume of Hydro tokens traded on crypto asset trading platforms so that Hydrogen could sell its own Hydro tokens at a greater profit" involving, inter alia, Moonwalkers Trading Limited, of South Africa, in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. The Hydrogen Technology Corporation, Michael Ross Kane, and Tyler Ostern at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Nexo Inc. et al: Cease and Desist Order (Oklahoma)

Cease and Desist Order by the Oklahoma Department of Securities against Nexo Financial LLC, of Delaware; Nexo Inc., of the Cayman Islands, and Nexo Capital Inc., of the Cayman Islands, which collectively operate a crypto lending platform.

New York AG v. Nexo Inc. et al: Complaint

Complaint for "acting as unregistered securities brokers or dealers and/or commodities broker-dealers" in New York Attorney General v. Nexo Inc. and Nexo Capital Inc., both of the Cayman Islands, which operate a crypto lending platform, at the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York.

Nexo Inc. et al: Cease and Refrain Oder (California)

Cease and Refrain Order by the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation against Nexo Group, which "comprises business entities organized primarily in European countries and territories"; Nexo Inc., of the Cayman Islands, and Nexo Capital Inc., of the Cayman Islands, which collectively "a crypto platform that offers crypto interest accounts, self-directed and over-the-counter trade execution, and lending, borrowing, and exchange services".

Nexo Inc. et al: Cease and Desist Order (Vermont)

Ex Parte Order to Cease and Desist by the State of Vermont Department of Financial Regulation in re. Nexo Inc., of the Cayman Islands; Nexo Capital Inc., of the Cayman Islands, and Nexo Financial LLC, a Delaware entity based in London, England, collectively described as "a financial services company that generates revenue by providing, deploying, and investing digital assets and virtual currencies".

MGI Capital (Suisse) AG: Public Warning

Public Warning by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority that MGI Capital (Suisse) AG is "suspected of conducting unauthorised activities in the financial market".

Aspen Asset Management AG: Public Warning

Public Warning by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority that Aspen Asset Management AG is "suspected of conducting unauthorised activities in the financial market".

Hans-Peter Metzler: Cease and Desist Order (Switzerland)

Public Notice by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority that it has ordered Hans-Peter Metzler, a citizen of Austria, not to engage in financial activity for which a license is required, particularly the acceptance of deposits from the public.

Sparkster Ltd. et al: $30M+ Penalties (‘Unregistered Crypto Offering’)

Administrative Order by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission imposing fines and disgorgement totaling $30.75 million on Sparkster Ltd. of the Cayman Islands, and Sajjad Daya, a resident of the United Kingdom, for conducting an unregistered securities offering involving crypto.

SEC v. Ian Balina: Complaint (‘$30M Unregistered Crypto Offering’)

Complaint alleging an "unregistered offering and promotion" of crypto involving "Sparkster, Ltd., a software development company incorporated in the Cayman Islands" that raised "approximately $30 million from nearly 4,000 investors" in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Ian Balina, a resident of Austin, Texas and "a self-described crypto asset investor, promoter, and influencer", at the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas.

SEC v. Chicago Crypto Capital LLC et al: Complaint (‘$1.5M Crypto Fraud’)

Complaint alleging a $1.5 million investment fraud regarding crypto tokens issued by Saint Kitts and Nevis-domiciled Beaxy Digital Ltd. in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Chicago Crypto Capital LLC, Brian B. Amoah, Darcas Oliver Young, and Elbert G. Elliott at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.

Celsius Network LLC et al: Vermont DFR Joinder to Appoint Examiner

Motion by the Vermont Department of Financial Regulation to Join U.S. Trustee's Motion for the Appointment of an Examiner in the matter of Celsius Network LLC, Celsius Network Inc., Celsius Network Limited, Celsius KeyFi LLC, Celsius Mining LLC, Celsius Networks Lending LLC, Celsius Lending LLC, and Celsius US Holding LLC at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.

SEC v. Empirex Capital LLC et al: ‘Subpoena Compliance’ Application (‘Crypto-Based Investment Fraud’)

Application for an order compelling compliance with administrative subpoenas for an investigation into "a potential fraudulent offering scheme by Empirex" that "may have raised as much as $55 million from investors" and, inter alia, involved cryptocurrency in U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Empirex Capital LLC, AKC Management LLC, Rafael Alberto Vargas Gonzalez, a.k.a. Rafael Vargas, and Paola A. Vargas at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

George Kattula v. Coinbase Global Inc. et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint "on behalf of all Coinbase "wallet" and account holders who have had their accounts breached and incurred losses arising from the unauthorized transfer of assets – including the unauthorized transfer of "crypto" securities listed on Coinbase’s platform without a registration statement, without Coinbase having registered as a broker or dealer, and without Coinbase having registered as a securities exchange" in George Kattula v. Coinbase Global Inc. and Coinbase Inc., described as the operators of "the largest cryptocurrency exchange in the United States", at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia.

Taylor Goines v. Celsius Network LLC et al: Class Action Complaint (‘Crypto Fraud’)

Class Action Complaint alleging fraud against "a financial services company that generates revenue through cryptocurrency trading, lending, and borrowing, the sale of its unregistered securities, as well as engaging in proprietary trading" in Taylor Goines v. Celsius Network LLC, Celsius Lending LLC, Celsius KeyFi LLC, Alexander Mashinsky, Shlomi Daniel Leon, David Barse, and Alan Jeffrey Carr at the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey.

Mark Young v. Solana Labs Inc. et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint alleging securities fraud involving cryptocurrency in Mark Young v. Solana Labs Inc., The Solana Foundation, Anatoly Yakovenko, Multicoin Capital Management LLC, Kyle Samani, and FalconX LLC at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

CFTC v. Mirror Trading International Pty. Ltd. et al: Complaint (‘$1.7B Bitcoin Fraud’)

Complaint alleging "an international fraudulent multi-level marketing scheme" that received "at least 29,421 Bitcoin - with a value of over $1,733,838,372" in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Mirror Trading International Proprietary Limited and Cornelius, of South Africa, Johannes Steynberg, described as a citizen of South Africa who "was recently detained in the Federative Republic of Brazil on an INTERPOL arrest warrant", at the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas.

Starberry Ltd.: $1.4M Disgorgement

Administrative Order by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission imposing a penalty of $1,376,207 on Starberry Limited, of Cyprus, for operating as a "futures commission merchant" without being registered.

Mek Global Ltd. et al: C$2M Fine (‘Unregistered Crypto Investment Activity’)

Reasons and Decision in the matter of Mek Global Limited. of the Seychelles, and PhoenixFin Pte. Ltd., of Singapore, collectively known as KuCoin, which "sold crypto contracts and crypto futures contracts through their global online crypto asset trading platform", before the Ontario Securities Commission.

Nick Patterson v. Terraform Labs Pte. Ltd. et al: Class Action Complaint (‘Crypto Fraud’)

Class Action Complaint alleging cryptocurrency fraud in Nick Patterson v. TerraForm Labs Pte. Ltd., of Singapore; Jump Crypto, Jump Trading LLC, Republic Capital, Republic Maximal LLC, Tribe Capital, DeFinance Capital/Definance Technologies Oy, GSR Markets Limited, of Hong Kong; Three Arrows Capital Ptd Ltd., of Singapore; Nicholas Platias and Do Kwon, of South Korea, at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

Germany: Jürgen Wagentrotz

Application for the appointment of a Commissioner to collect evidence from Fifth Third Bank and JPMorgan Chase Bank - pursuant to a request for judicial assistance from Germany - for a criminal investigation into "Jurgen Kurt Ernst Wagentrotz, former Executive Board Member of Oil & Gas Invest AG, and others for fraud and operating a banking business without a license".

Jeffrey Lockhart v. Binance et al: Class Action Complaint (‘Terra Crypto’)

Class Action Complaint alleging violations of the Securities Exchange Act regarding the cryptocurrency "stablecoin" known as Terra in Jeffrey Lockhart v. BAM Trading Services Inc., of Delaware, d.b.a. Binance US, described as "a crypto-asset exchange that operates a platform on which customers discover, research, buy, and sell digital assets", and Brian Schroder at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

CFTC v. Samuel Reed: $10M Settlement

Consent Order imposing a civil penalty of $10 million on Samuel Reed regarding the operation of the BitMEX cryptocurrency trading platform in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. HDR Global Trading Limited, of the Seychelles; 100x Holdings Limited, of Bermuda; ABS Global Trading Limited, of Delaware; Shine Effort Inc. Limited, of Hong Kong; HDR Global Services (Bermuda) Limited, of Bermuda, all d.b.a. BitMEX; Arthur Hayes, described as a citizen of the United States residing in Hong Kong; Ben Peter Delo, described as a citizen of the United Kingdom residing in Hong Kong, and Samuel Reed, described as a U.S. citizen who resided in Milwaukee, WI, and Boston, MA, during the relevant period, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

CFTC v. Benjamin Delo: $10M Settlement

Consent Order imposing a civil penalty of $10 million on Benjamin Delo regarding the operation of the BitMEX cryptocurrency trading platform in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. HDR Global Trading Limited, of the Seychelles; 100x Holdings Limited, of Bermuda; ABS Global Trading Limited, of Delaware; Shine Effort Inc. Limited, of Hong Kong; HDR Global Services (Bermuda) Limited, of Bermuda, all d.b.a. BitMEX; Arthur Hayes, described as a citizen of the United States residing in Hong Kong; Ben Peter Delo, described as a citizen of the United Kingdom residing in Hong Kong, and Samuel Reed, described as a U.S. citizen who resided in Milwaukee, WI, and Boston, MA, during the relevant period, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

CFTC v. Arthur Hayes: $10M Settlement

Consent Order imposing a civil penalty of $10 million on Arthur Hayes regarding the operation of the BitMEX cryptocurrency trading platform in Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. HDR Global Trading Limited, of the Seychelles; 100x Holdings Limited, of Bermuda; ABS Global Trading Limited, of Delaware; Shine Effort Inc. Limited, of Hong Kong; HDR Global Services (Bermuda) Limited, of Bermuda, all d.b.a. BitMEX; Arthur Hayes, described as a citizen of the United States residing in Hong Kong; Ben Peter Delo, described as a citizen of the United Kingdom residing in Hong Kong, and Samuel Reed, described as a U.S. citizen who resided in Milwaukee, WI, and Boston, MA, during the relevant period, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Mark Cassidy v. Voyager Digital Ltd. et al: Amended Class Action Complaint

Amended Class Action Complaint alleging fraud and the sale of unregistered securities in Mark Cassidy v. Voyager Digital Ltd., described as a Canada-domiciled, New York-based "cryptocurrency platform", and Voyager Digital LLC, described as being domiciled in Delaware and based in New Jersey, at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

SEC v. Dean Shah et al: Complaint

Complaint alleging securities fraud involving individuals and entities in or from Belize, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Panama, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and USA in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Dean Shah, Henry Clarke, Julius Csurgo, and Antevorta Capital Partners Ltd. at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Novus Fintech Ltd.: Public Censure

Decision Notice b the Dubai Financial Services Authority that it has imposed a Public Censure on Novus Fintech Ltd., whose "sole owner and director" was identified as Stuart Coles, a citizen of the United Kingdom.

Coworth Investments Ltd.: Public Censure

Decision Notice by the Dubai Financial Services Authority imposing a Public Censure on Coworth Investments Ltd., whose "sole owner and director" was identified as Stuart Coles, a citizen of the United Kingdom.

Coworth Fintech Ltd.: Public Censure

Decision Notice by the Dubai Financial Services Authority that it has imposed a Public Censure on Coworth Fintech Ltd., whose "sole owner and director" was identified as Stuart Coles, a citizen of the United Kingdom.

SEC v. John Barksdale et al: Complaint (‘$124M Crypto-Based Fraud’)

Complaint alleging the defendants "raised at least $124 million from over 20,000 investors" in a crypto-based fraudulent scheme involving Ormeus Global SA, of Panama, and Ormeus Coin, of Hong Kong, in U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission v. John Barksdale, described as a citizen of the USA residing in Thailand, and his sister, JonAtina Barksdale, a.k.a. Tina Barksdale, described as a citizen of the USA residing in Hong Kong, at the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Kayla Blacksher v. SafeMoon LLC et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint alleging a cryptocurrency-based investment fraud in Kayla Blacksher v. SafeMoon LLC, SafeMoon US LLC, SafeMoon Connect LLC, Tano LLC, SafeMoon Ltd., of England; SafeMoon Protocol Ltd., of England; SafeMoon Media Group Ltd., of England; Braden John Karony, Jack Haines-Davies, of London, England; Ryan Arriaga, Shaun Witriol, Henry 'Hank' Wyatt, Thomas Smith, Kyle Nagy, Jake Paul, Nick Carter, DeAndre Cortez Way, Ben Phillips, Miles Parks McCollum, and Daniel M. Keem at the U. S. District Court for the Central District of California.

John Mangano v. BlockFi et al: Class Action Complaint

Class Action Complaint alleging the sale of unregistered securities in John Mangano v. BlockFi Inc., described as "a financial services company that generates revenue through cryptocurrency trading, lending, and borrowing, as well as engaging in proprietary trading"; BlockFi, BlockFi Trading LLC, and BlockFi Lending LLC at the U. S. District Court for the District of New Jersey.